The term means the technique hydroponic cultivation of plants in a nutrient solution instead of in soil. It is a new technique of growing plants in water containing dissolved nutrients. This technique is also known as indoor gardening, aquiculture and tank farming.Studies have shown that the roots of the plants can absorb nutrients from the water, even without soil. The new technique is based on hydroponics concept that plants can be grown without any ground whatsoever. The Professor Gericke of the University of California, Davis, is considered the father of hydroponics. Professor Gericke, in 1929, tested his invention for growing tomato plants in water to a quite remarkable size. Professor coined the name hydroponics for growing plants in water. Almost any plant can be made to grow through hydroponics. Nowadays, new techniques of hydroponic gardening and hydroponics are becoming popular. Benefits of Hydroponics: Hydroponics is a very useful technique when there is scarcity of land, and is growing very beneficial and profitable for farmers. The positive aspects of hydroponics are listed below. Hydroponics – Disposes of diseases and weeds soil borne. Does not require tillage or plowing. Helpful in land scarcity; the plants may be placed very close to each other. It can be done in small spaces. Highly productive; high performance, large amount of food can be produced from small spaces. Requires only a small amount of water compared to traditional agriculture. Allows the production of quality plants under controlled environmental conditions. It makes growing plants as possible throughout the year. Hydroponics Future: The future of hydroponics seems to be quite bright. As plants are grown indoors, you can grow almost anywhere, in any condition and any time. It will make it possible to grow plants in Antarctica. Techniques such as hydroponics or aeroponics can make it possible to grow vegetables and fruits in space in the near future.
Unexplained Mysteries in Space – Documentary Sciences.